The path for the institutionalization of CIM in urban management and planning: a systematic literature review

Augusto Pimentel Pereira, Mario Procopiuck


Managing the urban space is a challenge with increasing complexity, among other reasons, because of the advances of information and communication technologies. The treatment of information technologies as human artifacts carrying social meanings is not new, and it has been occurring naturally in studies on Geographic Information System (GIS), Building Information Modeling (BIM). Between these two technologies, the concept of City Information Modeling (CIM) emerges from the adjustment of scale and semantics. The proficiency of institutional theory in understanding the political behavior of cities and evaluating from broad political processes to particular organizational processes of innovation is also not new. We aim to identify and examine publications on the adoption and implementation of BIM and GIS that use institutional theory to support their methods, discussions, and conclusions, intending to confront explanations of political and technological behavior in the implementation of these two tools that allow obtaining basic knowledge for implement CIM systems. Results show that external isomorphic pressures have received significant attention, overshadowing institutional theory's potential to look at issues from the perception of locally situated individuals. The conclusion is that institutional studies for implementing GIS and BIM can contribute to methodological and analytical frameworks for advances in CIM.


CIM; GIS; BIM; Institutional Theory; Institutionalization; SLR.

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DOI: 10.3895/rbpd.v11n1.14586


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